Home > North meets South > Inuit Recollections on the Military Presence in Iqaluit > Apex Hill, the government and the end of an era

The melting of the sea ice near Broughton Island.

On the shore of Ungava Bay south of Killiniq.

Apex Hill, the government and the end of an era

Inuapik Saagiaqtuq

"When there are arguments about the Americans, I tell myself that I must defend them, because they helped Inuit so much. Perhaps the qallunaat would not be here, if the Americans had not founded this place. This town was founded by the Americans, not by the government. The government came here after the Americans. That is why I defend the Americans when people are arguing."
In the last chapter, the Elders talk about the arrival of services provided by the Canadian government, the construction of Apex Hill and the departure of the Americans, who left them with very good memories.

Iqaluk Ipeelie talks about the arrival of the HBC in Apex, the construction of buildings and houses and also about the arrival of the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development. He says that even though the HBC had moved to Apex because the Americans were around, HBC personnel never visited them. The Inuit did not socialize with them either. He tells us that the first house to be built in Apex was a home for the handicapped. He also tells us about the early days of cohabitation between the Inuit and the qallunaat, which Martha Tikivik talks about as well.

Pallu Nowdlak talks moving to Apex, the arrival of Canadian government officials and the construction of houses and the Apex road by the Canadian government. Pallu Nowdlak notes that the Americans helped the Iqalummiut a great deal.

Jayko Pitseolak shares her memories of the founding of Apex and of the building of her first house. She points out that it was up to the women to choose the location of the houses. The government mounted the frame, she recalls, and then the men who were going to live in it built the rest. She also mentions the demolition of certain buildings that had belonged to the Americans.

Ooleepeeka Nooshoota recalls the departure of the Americans, and how the Government established many new rules and regulations. Other Elders talk about the positive and negative changes brought about by the arrival of the Canadian government, indicating which points are of historical importance and which of their memories should be included in the book.

Tomassie Naglingniq, Inuapik Saagiaqtuq, Anugaaq Arnaqquq and Elijah Pudlu emotionally speak about how much the Americans helped the Inuit. They express their gratitude towards the Americans for having founded Iqaluit and other Nunavut communities.